Integrated course: anatomy, physiology and Biochemistry
Module physiology

Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: Maria Stella Carmela VALLE

Expected Learning Outcomes

The Physiology course has a primary objective: to equip students with comprehensive knowledge about the intricate workings of the human nervous system. This course serves as the cornerstone for grasping the operational dynamics of living organisms, with a keen emphasis on the interplay between structure and function, the seamless integration of these components, and the overarching mechanisms governing functional control in typical physiological states.

Course Structure

Frontal lessons. Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

Required Prerequisites

To access the course, it is necessary to have a basic knowledge of anatomy, physics, inorganic-organic chemistry and biology.

Attendance of Lessons

Mandatory attendance

Detailed Course Content

Sensory Coding 
The Somatosensory System: Receptors and Central Pathways 


The Constructive Nature of Visual Processing

Low-Level Visual Processing: The Retina 

The Inner Ear 

The Auditory Central Nervous System 

The Organization and Planning of Movement 

Striated muscle
The Motor Unit and Muscle Action 
Spinal Reflexes 

The Control of Gaze 

The Vestibular System 
The Cerebellum 
The Basal Ganglia 

Textbook Information

1) Silverthorn. Fisiologia. Un approccio integrato. Pearson.

2) Purves-Augustine-Fitzpatrick-Hall-LaMantia-McNamara-White: Neuroscienze. Zanichelli. 

Course Planning

 SubjectsText References
1The electrical signals of nerve cells;cap. 5, 8, 10, Silverthorn: Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
2Visual function: the eye and the central visual pathways; Eye movements;cap. 11-12; 20 Purves-Augustine-Fitzpatrick-Hall-LaMantia-McNamara-White: Neuroscienze. Zanichelli.
3Vestibular system: saccule, utricle, semicircular canals. Vestibular reflexescap. 10 Silverthorn: Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
4The auditory systemSilverthorn: Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
5Skeletal and smooth muscle; Spinal reflexes; cap. 12-13 Silverthorn: Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
6Efferent system of the nervous system cap 11 Silverthon: Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Casa editrice Ambrosiana

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

Oral exam. Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

Exploring Action Potential Properties in Nerve Fibers: Delving into the Intricacies of Action Potentials within Nerve Fibers.

Shedding Light on Phototransduction Mechanisms in Rods and Cones: Unveiling the Mechanisms Behind Phototransduction in Rod and Cone Cells.

Navigating the Complexity of the Primary Visual Cortex Organization: Unraveling the Organization and Function of the Primary Visual Cortex.

The Foundations of Color Vision: Key Characteristics: Examining the Fundamental Principles Underlying Color Vision.