# SCIENZE DI BASE M - ZModule FISICA

**Academic Year 2023/2024**- Teacher:

**Giuseppe PALADINI**

## Expected Learning Outcomes

The purpose of the Physics module is to teach basic physics and
mathematics with simple applications to biomedical problems. The
homogeneity of the preparation for all students is to be obtained in
view of the specific knowledge required in the continuation of the
Degree Course. In particular, the student must acquire knowledge of some
basic laws and physical techniques for the understanding of
physiological, biological and medical processes and will have to learn
basic concepts useful for the correct use of the instrumentation used in
the professional field.

## Course Structure

Lectures and classroom exercises

## Required Prerequisites

Elementary knowledge of algebra and geometry is required

## Attendance of Lessons

Mandatory

## Detailed Course Content

Physical quantities and their measurement - Scalar and vector
quantities. Operations between vectors. Recalls of mechanics and notions
of Biomechanics - Kinematics. Circular motion and harmonic motion. .
Principles of dynamics. Work. Power. Power and efficiency. Moment.
Static. Elasticity. Levers. Physiological levers. Bone fractures
(generalities). Recalls on fluids and applications in biological systems
- Density. Viscosity. Hydrostatic pressure. Static of fluids. Stevino's
law. Pascal's principle. Principle of Archimedes. Drip. Transfusion.
Withdrawal. Drainage. Dynamics of ideal liquids. Bernoulli's theorem.
Aneurysm and stenosis. Real liquids. Poiseuille report. Hydraulic
resistance.. Thermometry and thermoregulation - temperature and heat.
Temperature measurement. Thermometric scales. Clinical thermometers.
Specific heat. Thermal balance. State transitions . Heat transmission.
Energy balance in the human body. Basal metabolic power. The electric
and bioelectric phenomena - charges and electric fields. . Electric
current. Laws of Ohm. Elementary circuits. Joule effect. Defibrillator.
Risks related to the use of electricity. Waves and radiations - Wave
phenomena. Period and frequency. Amplitude and energy. Mechanical waves.
The sound. Intensity of sound. Sound pressure and decibels.
Stethoscope. Ultrasound in medicine. Electromagnetic waves. The
electromagnetic spectrum. Radiation in diagnostics and in therapy. X-ray
diagnostics. Radioisotopes and nuclear medicine. Radiotherapy.
Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Overview of dosimetry and
radioprotection.

## Textbook Information

D. Scannicchio - Fisica Biomedica - EdiSES, Napoli 2013

## Course Planning

Subjects | Text References | |
---|---|---|

1 | Physical quantities and their measurement – Physical quantities, units and systems of measurement, dimensional equations. Measurement tools. . Scalar and vector quantities. Operations between carriers. | |

2 | Recall of mechanics and notions of Biomechanics - Kinematics. Circular motion and harmonic motion. . Principles of dynamics. Work. Power. Power and efficiency. Moment. Static. Elasticity. Levers. Physiological levers. Bone fractures (general information). | |

3 | Recall on fluids and applications in biological systems - Density. Viscosity. Hydrostatic pressure. Statics of fluids. Stevino's law. Pascal's principle. Archimedes' principle. Drip. Transfusion. Withdrawal. Drainage. Dynamics of ideal liquids. Bernoulli's theorem. Aneurysm and stenosis. Real liquids. Poiseuille relation. Hydraulic resistance. Sphygmomanometry. | |

4 | Thermometry and thermoregulation – Temperature and heat. Temperature measurement. Thermometric scales. Clinical thermometers. Specific heat. Thermal balance. State transitions. Heat transmission. Energy balance in the human body. Basal metabolic power. | |

5 | Electrical and bioelectric phenomena – Electric charges and fields. . Electric current. Ohm's laws. Elementary circuits. Joule effect. Defibrillator. Risks associated with the use of electricity. | |

6 | Waves and radiation – Wave phenomena. Period and frequency. Breadth and energy. Mechanical waves. The sound. Sound intensity. Sound pressure and decibels. Phonendoscope. Ultrasound in medicine. | |

7 | Electromagnetic waves. The electromagnetic spectrum. Radiation in diagnostics and therapy. Diagnostics with X-rays. Radioisotopes and nuclear medicine. Radiotherapy. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Notes on dosimetry and radioprotection. |

## Learning Assessment

### Learning Assessment Procedures

Separate written and oral test

### Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

#### During the course, ongoing tests will be carried out in preparation for the end-of-course test and exercises similar to those of the final test will be carried out in the classroom by the teacher.

**VERSIONE IN ITALIANO**